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1. Explain community-policing. List the advantages and disadvantages of community policing. Detail the 2 most important points for police agencies in utilizing this perspective.
Community Policing brings police and citizens together to avoid crime and solve neighborhood problems. With community policing, the emphasis is on stopping crime before it happens, not giving an answer to calls for service following the crime occurs. Community policing gives citizens more control within the well being within their community. Community policing means police become the main neighborhood. It will help police get an improved sense of resident’s needs and assists residents to develop greater rely upon law enforcement. In essence the community joins law enforcement department. Those “who think that community policing is practiced inside their neighborhood are more likely to express favorable opinions associated with the police.”(Weitzer & Tuch, 2006, p. 45) Together, in partnership, the city and police department work together to attain a goal that is common of safer, better destination to live. It really is “democracy for action.”(BJA, August 1994, p. 4).
Community policing is observed as an way that is effective promote public safety also to improve the standard of living in a residential area. Community policing plays a role that is pivotal the 2 defining components of policing: police-community relations and problem-solving. “First, it must broaden police organization goals …Second, it will affect the way police are organized to perform their goals.” (Weisburd & Braga, 2007, p. 47) Active participation is necessary from the local government into the average citizen to allow community policing to focus. Everyone is in charge of safeguarding the welfare for the neighborhood. The goals of policing are expanded and the perception of community is changed unlike traditional policing methods. Traditional policing assumes that the problems of society are not inside the world of the authorities department. Traditional police departments are strictly reactive and don’t look beyond efficiently resolving the immediate incident in front of you. Police officers are tied to the dispatcher and rarely have time to do more than answer one call after another. Law enforcement department, as a business, separates itself from the populous city’s infrastructure and from city services.
Implementing community policing changes the dwelling of policing and how it is managed. Community policing helps build up and bolster the community. In addition it links law enforcement in addition to community together. The partnership that develops in the long run can ultimately help the police get the underlying causes of crime within the neighborhood. By getting the community involved, the authorities have significantly more resources available for them to greatly help in crime prevention. By familiarizing themselves with the members of the community, officers are more inclined to obtain information that is valuable criminals and their activities. They are also more likely to obtain a reliable evaluation of the needs of citizens and their expectations associated with the police.
As previously stated, community policing plays a part that is major police-community relations and problem-solving. To be able to develop a partnership aided by the community, first the police must form a relationship that is great a nearby. The police must make an effort to involve a nearby with its pursuit to manage crime. Most community concerns and solutions are identified through problem-solving. The objective would be to to reduce crime and disorder by diligently examining the attributes of concerns in communities after which using the best suited solutions that are problem-solving.
With any method of policing there are going to be pros and cons. One of many advantages that are main community policing is that it reduces fear in the community. The residents feel more secure with an increase in police presence in the neighborhood. This sense of security helps the police establish trust in the community. As citizen become more active in looking after their community, they start to understand what officers really do on a basis that is day-to-day. This improves police-community relations. Ultimately, quality of life for the grouped community improves and crime is reduced. Another advantage is the fact that grouped community policing is flexible and with the capacity of changing. The solutions and methods change while the community changes. If an idea works in a single community it does mean that it n’t will be able to work in all communities. Community policing allows the city to create solutions that will work within their neighborhood that is own and change or eliminate those who do not work. Community policing can be implemented in a number that is limitless of. This is also true of problem-solving. They both are only limited by one’s imagination. Community policing offers an array of benefits. Making effective use of the talents and resources available within communities may help extend severely strained police resources. Also, reduced quantities of crime will allow more police resources to be allotted to services which have the greatest impact regarding the quality of community life.
A major disadvantage is that the only way that community policing is by using community involvement.
There has to be an existing partnership between your police officers additionally the community. Minus the trust and involvement of this community, any attempts at community policing will fail. “Police and there would-be partners do not necessarily value the same, and on occasion even compatible, things” (Thacher, 2001, p. 766). Effective community policing requires a commitment that is long-term everyone involved. It’s not a quick fix. Ongoing relationships needs to be established and maintained. Another disadvantage to community policing is making sure that the people that are right heading within the project. The main focus should be of improving the community and never utilising the program to advance their particular career that is personal agendas. Also, programs like community policing could be regressive. Oftentimes if you find an issue that will require assistance from the community it look like the same people always step of progress. These are often the homeowners which have longstanding ties to the community. Community policing requires everyone’s involvement, not only the home owners.
“Over 10 years after it was first introduced, community policing remains the most important innovation in American policing today.” (Forman, Autumn 2002, p. 1) The advantages of implementing community policing still outweigh the disadvantages. Getting the grouped community on there side can only just benefit the authorities in their aid to regulate and prevent crime. Also, with all the police more involved in the day to day activities of the community will assist in the revitalization associated with community. This will probably only happen if both the police and also the community are able to put in enough time, effort, and patience that is customwritings required when implementing the community policing program.