Look for a subject that really interests you.

Look for a subject that really interests you.

  • Find an interest.
    1. Even though you explore the subject, narrow or broaden your target while focusing on something that gives the most results that are promising.
    2. Do not choose an enormous subject if you need to write a 3 page long paper, and broaden your topic sufficiently if you need to submit at least 25 pages.
    3. Consult with your class instructor (and your classmates) concerning the topic.
  • Explore the topic.
    1. Find primary and secondary sources in the library.
    2. Read and critically analyse them.
    3. Take notes.
    4. Compile surveys, collect data, gather materials for quantitative analysis (if they are good solutions to investigate the subject more deeply).
    5. Come up with new ideas concerning the topic. Make an effort to formulate your thinking in a few sentences.
    6. Write a outline that is short of future paper.
      1. Review your notes along with other materials and enrich the outline.
      2. You will need to estimate just how long the individual parts will be.
    7. It is helpful if you’re able to talk about your intend to a few friends (brainstorming) or even your professor.
      1. Do others know very well what you want to express?
      2. Do they accept it as new knowledge or important and relevant for a paper?
      3. Do they concur that your thoughts can lead to a successful paper?
  • Methods, Thesis, and Hypothesis

    • Qualitative: gives answers on questions (how, why, when, who, what, etc.) by investigating a problem
    • Quantitative:requires data and also the analysis of data as well
    • the essence, the point associated with the research paper in one single or two sentences.


    • a statement that can be proved or disproved.

    Clarity, Precision, and Academic Expression

    • Be specific.
    • Avoid ambiguity.
    • Use predominantly the active voice, not the passive.
    • Cope with one issue in one paragraph.
    • Be accurate.
    • Double-check your computer data, references, citations and statements.

    Academic Expression

    • Avoid using style that is familiar colloquial/slang expressions.
    • Write in full sentences.
    • Check out the concept of the words they mean if you don’t know exactly what.
    • Avoid metaphors.
    • Write a outline that is detailed.
      1. Almost the rough content each and every paragraph.
      2. Your order for the various topics in your paper.
    • On the basis of the outline, start writing a part by planning the information, and then write it down.
    • Put a visible mark (which you will later delete) where you need certainly to quote a source, and write when you customwritings look at the citation whenever you finish writing that part or a more impressive part.
    • It loud for yourself or somebody else when you are ready with a longer part, read.
      1. Does the writing make sense?
      2. Can you explain everything you wanted?
      3. Did you write good sentences?
      4. Will there be something missing?
    • Check the spelling.
    • Complete the citations, bring them in standard format.
    • Use the guidelines that the instructor requires (MLA, Chicago, APA, Turabian, etc.).

      • Adjust margins, spacing, paragraph indentation, host to page numbers, etc.
      • Standardize the bibliography or footnotes based on the guidelines.
      • Weak organization
      • Poor development and support of ideas
      • Weak usage of secondary sources
      • Excessive errors
      • Stylistic weakness
      • When collecting materials, selecting research topic, and writing the paper:

        • Be systematic and organized (e.g. maintain your bibliography neat and organized; write your notes in a neat way, so them later on that you can find.
        • Make use of your critical thinking ability when you read.
        • Take note of your thoughts (so them later) that you can reconstruct.
        • Stop when you’ve got a really good notion and think of it to a whole research paper whether you could enlarge. If yes, take considerably longer notes.
        • Whenever you write down a quotation or summarize somebody else’s thoughts in your notes or in the paper, cite the foundation (in other words. take note of the writer, title, publication place, year, page number).
        • If you quote or summarize a thought from the web, cite the source that is internet.
        • Write an outline that is detailed adequate to remind you in regards to the content.
        • Write in full sentences.
        • Read your paper on your own or, preferably, someone else.
        • Whenever you finish writing, check the spelling;
        • Make use of the citation form (MLA, Chicago, or any other) that your instructor requires and use it everywhere.

        Plagiarism: some other person’s words or ideas presented without citation by an author

        • Cite your source every right time when you quote part of somebody’s work.
        • Cite your source every time when you summarize a thought from somebody’s work.
        • Cite your source every right time if you use a source (quote or summarize) on the internet.

        Consult the Citing Sources research guide for further details.


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