- Even though you explore the subject, narrow or broaden your target while focusing on something that gives the most results that are promising.
- Do not choose an enormous subject if you need to write a 3 page long paper, and broaden your topic sufficiently if you need to submit at least 25 pages.
- Consult with your class instructor (and your classmates) concerning the topic.
- Find primary and secondary sources in the library.
- Read and critically analyse them.
- Take notes.
- Compile surveys, collect data, gather materials for quantitative analysis (if they are good solutions to investigate the subject more deeply).
- Come up with new ideas concerning the topic. Make an effort to formulate your thinking in a few sentences.
- Write a outline that is short of future paper.
- Review your notes along with other materials and enrich the outline.
- You will need to estimate just how long the individual parts will be.
- It is helpful if you’re able to talk about your intend to a few friends (brainstorming) or even your professor.
- Do others know very well what you want to express?
- Do they accept it as new knowledge or important and relevant for a paper?
- Do they concur that your thoughts can lead to a successful paper?
Methods, Thesis, and Hypothesis
- Qualitative: gives answers on questions (how, why, when, who, what, etc.) by investigating a problem
- Quantitative:requires data and also the analysis of data as well
- the essence, the point associated with the research paper in one single or two sentences.
- a statement that can be proved or disproved.
Clarity, Precision, and Academic Expression
- Be specific.
- Avoid ambiguity.
- Use predominantly the active voice, not the passive.
- Cope with one issue in one paragraph.
- Be accurate.
- Double-check your computer data, references, citations and statements.
- Avoid using style that is familiar colloquial/slang expressions.
- Write in full sentences.
- Check out the concept of the words they mean if you don’t know exactly what.
- Avoid metaphors.
- Write a outline that is detailed.
- Almost the rough content each and every paragraph.
- Your order for the various topics in your paper.
- On the basis of the outline, start writing a part by planning the information, and then write it down.
- Put a visible mark (which you will later delete) where you need certainly to quote a source, and write when you customwritings look at the citation whenever you finish writing that part or a more impressive part.
- It loud for yourself or somebody else when you are ready with a longer part, read.
- Does the writing make sense?
- Can you explain everything you wanted?
- Did you write good sentences?
- Will there be something missing?
- Check the spelling.
- Complete the citations, bring them in standard format.
- Adjust margins, spacing, paragraph indentation, host to page numbers, etc.
- Standardize the bibliography or footnotes based on the guidelines.
- Weak organization
- Poor development and support of ideas
- Weak usage of secondary sources
- Excessive errors
- Stylistic weakness
- Be systematic and organized (e.g. maintain your bibliography neat and organized; write your notes in a neat way, so them later on that you can find.
- Make use of your critical thinking ability when you read.
- Take note of your thoughts (so them later) that you can reconstruct.
- Stop when you’ve got a really good notion and think of it to a whole research paper whether you could enlarge. If yes, take considerably longer notes.
- Whenever you write down a quotation or summarize somebody else’s thoughts in your notes or in the paper, cite the foundation (in other words. take note of the writer, title, publication place, year, page number).
- If you quote or summarize a thought from the web, cite the source that is internet.
- Write an outline that is detailed adequate to remind you in regards to the content.
- Write in full sentences.
- Read your paper on your own or, preferably, someone else.
- Whenever you finish writing, check the spelling;
- Make use of the citation form (MLA, Chicago, or any other) that your instructor requires and use it everywhere.
- Cite your source every right time when you quote part of somebody’s work.
- Cite your source every time when you summarize a thought from somebody’s work.
- Cite your source every right time if you use a source (quote or summarize) on the internet.
Use the guidelines that the instructor requires (MLA, Chicago, APA, Turabian, etc.).
When collecting materials, selecting research topic, and writing the paper:
Plagiarism: some other person’s words or ideas presented without citation by an author
Consult the Citing Sources research guide for further details.